Tendencies of Juvenile Justice Development in Georgia

Otar Khinikadze

Abstract


Recently developed factors in Georgia, both, social and economic problems have greatly contributed to the increase of juvenile offenses. In connection with this problem, the author has found a material which aims  implementation of  preventive measures or avoidance of crime.

There are a number of psychological, social and legal reasons presented in the article that can be considered as major causes of the crime and there are ways to solve this problem.

The article discusses international legal acts on the protection of juveniles' rights and their comparative-legal analysis with Georgian legislation. Also, attention is paid to the steps taken by the Georgian authorities, which aim to improve juvenile justice system.


Keywords


Tendencies of Juvenile Justice, Georgia

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References


Article 37, Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989;

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules) , Adopted by General Assembly resolution 40/33 of 29 November 1985.

Carolyn Hamilton, Guidance for Legislative Reform On Juvenile Justice. Children’s Legal Centre and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Child Protection Section, New York, 2011. www.unicef.ge

Jean Pradel, “Comparative Criminal Law”;, Short course, Scientific editor T. Ninidze 1999, p.88.

Strategy of Criminal Law Reform; Juvenile Justice, p.13;

Law of Georgia of 23 May, 2007-Criminal Herald of Georgia I, 2007 year., # 19, Article 166.

L. Papiashvili; Juveniles; Journal “Parliament of Georgia”; 2007

Law of Georgia, 23 February, 2010, Amendments of Criminal Code.

Kilchling, M. (2012). Restorative Justice Developments in Germany. In D. Miers & I. Aertsen (Eds.), Regulating Restorative Justice. A comparative study of legislative provision in European Countries , Frankfurt.

Thomas Hamerberg, Georgia in Transition. Report on the human rights dimension: background, steps taken and remaining challenges; („Report on the Human Rights Dimension: Background, Steps Taken and Remaining Challenges“).

Dünkel, F., Grzywa, J. Horsfield, P., Pruin, I. (Eds.): Juvenile Restorative Justice Practices in Europe, Book 1-4,2;

Smith, T. and Brownlees, L.), UNICEF working Document, Age Assessment: Technical Note, (UNICEF: New York, 2012).

In relation to Juvenile mind development see: Committee on Assessment of Reforming Juvenile Justice: Bonnie, R., John¬son, R., Chemers, B., Schuck, J. (eds.), Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Develop¬mental Approach (The National Academies Press: Washington D.C. 2012).

United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990, www.unicef.ge

Internet resources:

http://www.humanrights.ge/index.php?a=main&pid=11934〈=geo Date of access: 06/05/2020

http://www.penalreform.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Justice-for-Children-Briefing-4_MACR_Russian.pdf Date of access: 07/05/2020


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